Children's literature - Wikipedia. A mother reads to her children, depicted by Jessie Willcox Smith in a cover illustration of a volume of fairy tales written in the mid to late 1. Children's literature or juvenile literature includes stories, books, magazines, and poems that are enjoyed by children. Modern children's literature is classified in two different ways: genre or the intended age of the reader. Children's literature can be traced to stories and songs, part of a wider oral tradition, that adults shared with children before publishing existed. The development of early children's literature, before printing was invented, is difficult to trace. Even after printing became widespread, many classic .
Since the 1. 5th century, a large quantity of literature, often with a moral or religious message, has been aimed specifically at children. The late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries became known as the . Some works defy easy categorization. Rowling's Harry Potter series was written and marketed for young adults, but it is also popular among adults. The series' extreme popularity led The New York Times to create a separate best- seller list for children's books.
The history I write of is a history of reception. He explains that children were in the past not considered as greatly different from adults and were not given significantly different treatment. Adults saw children as separate beings, innocent and in need of protection and training by the adults around them. In Locke's philosophy, tabula rasa was the theory that the (human) mind is at birth a . A corollary of this doctrine was that the mind of the child was born blank, and that it was the duty of the parents to imbue the child with correct notions. Locke himself emphasized the importance of providing children with .
Puritans were concerned with the spiritual welfare of their children, and there was a large growth in the publication of . Though not specifically published for children at this time, young people enjoyed the booklets as well. The first such book was a catechism for children written in verse by the Puritan John Cotton. Known as Spiritual Milk for Boston Babes, it was published in 1. England and Boston. Another early book, The New England Primer, was in print by 1.
Find great deals on eBay for 1980s childrens books. Childrens Evacuee Girl 1940s Book Week Day World War 2. Audio Cassette TAPE Vintage 1980's Children's.
It also contained religious maxims, acronyms, spelling help and other educational items, all decorated by woodcuts. Charles Perrault began recording fairy tales in France, publishing his first collection in 1. They were not well received among the French literary society, who saw them as only fit for old people and children. It is considered to be the first picture book produced specifically for children. A Pretty and Splendid Maiden's Mirror, an adaptation of a German book for young women, became the first Swedish children's book upon its 1. Called the first European storybook to contain fairy- tales, it eventually had 7. An early example is ABC- Book, an alphabet book published by Ivan Fyodorov in 1.
A Little Pretty Pocket- Book, written and published by John Newbery, is widely considered the first modern children's book, published in 1. It was a landmark as the first children's publication aimed at giving enjoyment to children.
Known as gift books, these early books became the precursors to the toy books popular in the 1. According to the journal The Lion and the Unicorn, .
He published his own books as well as those by authors such as Samuel Johnson and Oliver Goldsmith. His idea of appealing to a children's natural interests took hold among writers for children. Furthermore, Maria and Richard Lovell Edgeworth's Practical Education: The History of Harry and Lucy (1. Its founder, Johann Bernhard Basedow, authored Elementarwerk as a popular textbook for children that included many illustrations by Daniel Chodowiecki. Another follower, Joachim Heinrich Campe, created an adaptation of Robinson Crusoe that went into over 1. According to Hans- Heino Ewers in The International Companion Encyclopedia of Children's Literature, .
Children's Books on the Civil War. A Southern Children's Guide to the Civil War by Lochlainn Seabrook it was ok 2.00 avg rating — 4 ratings.
This dislike of non- traditional stories continued there until the beginning of the next century. As professors, they had a scholarly interest in the stories, striving to preserve them and their variations accurately, recording their sources. By compiling these stories, they preserved Norway's literary heritage and helped create the Norwegian written language. The book became popular across Europe after it was translated into French by Isabelle de Montolieu.
E. The availability of children's literature greatly increased as well, as paper and printing became widely available and affordable, the population grew and literacy rates improved. Regarded as the first . In that same year, Emilio Salgari, the man who would become . In Britain, The Princess and the Goblin and its sequel The Princess and Curdie, by George Mac. Donald, appeared in 1. Treasure Island and Kidnapped, both by Robert Louis Stevenson, were extremely popular in the 1. Rudyard Kipling's The Jungle Book was first published in 1.
The Children Act 1948 established a children's committee and a children's officer in each local authority. The Eighties see the collapse of traditional communism and the ending of the Cold War. Popular Culture 1980's. 1980s Vintage Children's Toys with Prices, Descriptions and Images. The Eighties Era Toys on this page include My Little Pony, Transformers.
J. Barrie told the story of Peter Pan in the novel Peter and Wendy in 1. Johanna Spyri's two- part novel Heidi was published in Switzerland in 1. Boys' book writer Oliver Optic published over 1. Mark Twain released Tom Sawyer in 1. Uncle Remus: His Songs and His Sayings, a collection of African American folk tales adapted and compiled by Joel Chandler Harris, appeared. Western science, technology, and literature became fashionable. China's first modern publishing firm, Commercial Press, established several children's magazines, which included Youth Magazine, and Educational Pictures for Children.
Yuxiu encouraged novelist Shen Dehong to write for children as well. Dehong went on to rewrite 2. Chinese literature specifically for children. In 1. 93. 2, Zhang Tianyi published Big Lin and Little Lin, the first full- length Chinese novel for children.
Many children's writers were denounced, but Tianyi and Ye Shengtao continued to write for children and created works that aligned with Maoist ideology. The 1. 97. 6 death of Mao Zedong provoked more changes sweep China. Many writers from the early part of the century were brought back, and their work became available again. In 1. 99. 0, General Anthology of Modern Children's Literature of China, a fifteen- volume anthology of children's literature since the 1. Some works became internationally known, such as those of Lewis Carroll, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1. Through the Looking- Glass.
At the end of the Victorian era and leading into the Edwardian era, Beatrix Potter was an author and illustrator, best known for her children's books, which featured animal characters. In her thirties, Potter published The Tale of Peter Rabbit in 1.
Potter eventually went on to publish 2. Jacobs, professors of children. These had a larger proportion of pictures to words than earlier books, and many of their pictures were in colour. Some British artists made their living illustrating novels and children's books, include Arthur Rackham, Cicely Mary Barker, W. Heath Robinson, Henry J. Ford, John Leech, and George Cruikshank. The Kailyard school of Scottish writers, notably J.
In 1. 90. 8, Kenneth Grahame (1. Inspiration for Frances Hodgson Burnett's novel The Secret Garden (1.
Great Maytham Hall Garden in Kent. In 1. 92. 0 Hugh Lofting created the character Doctor Dolittle who appears in a series of twelve books. The Golden Age of Children's Literature ended with World War I in Great Britain and Europe, and the period before World War II was much slower in children's publishing. The main exceptions in England were the publications of Winnie- the- Pooh by A. Milne in 1. 92. 6 and The Hobbit by J.
Blyton's books are still enormously popular, and have been translated into almost 9. She wrote on a wide range of topics including education, natural history, fantasy, mystery, and biblical narratives and is best remembered today for her Noddy, The Famous Five, The Secret Seven, and The Adventure Series. An informal literary discussion group associated with the English faculty at the University of Oxford, were the . Its leading members were the major fantasy novelists; C. S. Lewis published the first installment of The Chronicles of Narnia series in 1.
Tolkien is best known in addition to The Hobbit as the a the author of The Lord of the Rings. The latter work is an adaptation of the myth of Blodeuwedd from the. Mabinogion, set in modern Wales, and for it Garner won the annual Carnegie Medal from the Library Association, recognising the year's best children's book by a British author. Dodie Smith's The Hundred and One Dalmatians was published in 1. Roald Dahl rose to prominence with his children's fantasy novels, often inspired from experiences from his childhood, with often unexpected endings, and unsentimental, dark humour. His other works include James and the Giant Peach 1. Fantastic Mr. Fox 1.
The Witches 1. 98. Matilda 1. 98. 8. Boarding schools in literature are centred on older pre- adolescent and adolescent school life, and are most commonly set in English boarding schools. Popular school stories from this period include Ronald Searle's St Trinian's (1. Geoffrey Willans's Molesworth series, Jill Murphy's The Worst Witch, the Jennings series by Anthony Buckeridge (1. Susan Cooper's The Dark Is Rising is a five- volume fantasy saga set in England and Wales.
Raymond Briggs' children's picture book The Snowman 1. Christmas on British television, and for the stage as a musical. Awdry and son Christopher's The Railway Series features Thomas the Tank Engine.
Margery Sharp's series The Rescuers is based on a heroic mouse organisation. The third Children's Laureate. Michael Morpurgo published War Horse in 1. The prolific children's author Dick King- Smith's novels include The Sheep- Pig 1. The Water Horse. Diana Wynne Jones wrote the young adult fantasy novel Howl's Moving Castle in 1.
Anthony Horowitz's Alex Rider series begins with Stormbreaker 2.